What is Community Based Research?

Many community-engaged scholars draw on community-based research practices and theories. The following are definitions of community-based research:

For a full list of documents and resources on CBR see our Resources page.

Community-Engaged Scholarship 

The practice of community-engaged scholarship (CES) includes scholarly teaching, service, and research that partner with and benefit communities. CES generally focuses on engaging communities most impacted by the scholarly work. Non-academics participate in creating, synthesising and mobilizing knowledge, with the aim of democratizing knowledge creation and dissemination. CES commonly looks to understand and solve societal problems or celebrate and support communities (Boyer, 1990).

Community-Campus Engagement

Increasingly academic institutions and communities are collaborating for the benefit of communities, nations, and the world. Community-campus engagement has come to represent an umbrella of collaborative theories and practices that mobilize research, teaching, and learning for the benefit of society. The term "community-campus engagement" is multifaceted and includes aspects such as, community engaged scholarship, civic engagement, research networks, community-based research and knowledge mobilization among others (Etmanski et al., 2014).



Boyer, E.L. (1990). Scholarship reconsidered: Priorities of the professorate. Princeton, NJ: Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.

Centre for Community Based Reseach. (2013). "What is Community Based Research?". Retrieved from http://www.communitybasedresearch.ca/Page/View/CBR_definition

Community-Based Participatory Research. (2006). Examining community-institutional partnerships for prevention research group: Developing and sustaining community-based participatory research partnerships: A skill-building curriculum. Retrieved from www.cbprcurriculum.info

Etmanski, C., Hall, B., & Dawson, T. (Eds.). (2014). Learning and teaching community-based research: Linking pedagogy to practice. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press.