When navigating the academic literature, it is important to note that community-based research goes by many different names, including (but not limited to): 

  • Community-Based Participatory Research (e.g., Israel et al., 2003; Minkler & Wallerstein, 2008)
  • Action Research (e.g., Stringer, 2007)
  • Community-Engaged Scholarship (e.g., Kajner, 2005), and
  • Participatory Action Research (e.g., Kemmis & McTaggart, 2005)

Community-based research has been gaining traction globally as a synthesis term for this kind of research, evidenced by the establishment of the UNESCO chair of Community-based Research and Social Responsibility in Higher Education (Janzen et al., 2017).

Report: Maximizing the Capacities of Advanced Education Institutions to Build Social Infrastructure for Canadian Communities

Authors: Coro Strandberg
Source: Commissioned by the J.W. McConnell Family Foundation’s RECODE initiative and Simon Fraser University (April, 2017)
Link: Report


Report: UNESCO World Conference on Higher Education, 2009

This report from Katherine Graham describes UNESCO’s World Conference on Higher Education held in Paris, July 2009, particularly with regard to the focus on Social Responsibility of Higher Education, and the panel of representatives of the Global Alliance for Community Engaged Research.


Background paper: Collaborative community campus research

Authors: Martin Taylor, Sarah Marie Wiebe
Source: Community-Based Research Canada/University of Victoria (2014)
Link: Background Paper


Book Chapter: Kamucwkalha: Canadian approaches to community-university research partnerships

Authors: Leslie Brown, Joanna Ochocka, Sylvie de Grosbois, Budd Hall
Source: Strengthening community university partnerships: Global perspectives, (2015)
Link: Book


Article: Towards a theory of change for community-based research projects

Authors: Rich Janzen, Joanna Ochocka, Alethea Stobbe
Source: The Engaged Scholar Journal, 2(2), 44-64, (2016)
Link: The Engaged Scholar Journal


Article: Breathing life into theory: Illustrations of community-based research hallmarks, functions, and phases

Authors: Joanna Ochocka, Rich Janzen
Source: Gateways: International Journal of Community Research and Engagement, 7, 18-33, (2014)
Link: Gateways Journal