When navigating the academic literature, it is important to note that community-based research goes by many different names, including (but not limited to): 

  • Community-Based Participatory Research (e.g., Israel et al., 2003; Minkler & Wallerstein, 2008)
  • Action Research (e.g., Stringer, 2007)
  • Community-Engaged Scholarship (e.g., Kajner, 2005), and
  • Participatory Action Research (e.g., Kemmis & McTaggart, 2005)

Community-based research has been gaining traction globally as a synthesis term for this kind of research, evidenced by the establishment of the UNESCO chair of Community-based Research and Social Responsibility in Higher Education (Janzen et al., 2017).


Article: “Practicing What We Preach: A Review of Ireland’s Engaged Research Agenda”
Maura Adshead

Publisher: Autonomie locali e servizi sociali

Article: “International Collaboration for Changing the Culture of Research: UN SDGs and Knowledge for Change Consortium
Budd L. Hall and Rajesh Tandon

Publisher: Autonomie locali e servizi sociali

Article: “Knowledge, Democracy and a Sustainable Future: An Institutional Impact Assessment of Community-Engaged Research and Learning
Crystal Tremblay, Rhianna Nagel, Alexandra Haupt, Andrea Giles, Norah McRae
Publisher: Autonomie locali e servizi sociali

NEW Publication: World Report on Higher Education 7, “Humanities and Higher Education: Synergies between Science, Technology and Humanities”

 Publisher: Global University Network Innovation

Article: “Supporting Peer Researchers: Recommendations from Our Lived Experience/Expertise in Community-Based Research in Canada”

Authors: Francisco Ibáñez-Carrasco, James R. Watson, James Tavares
                       Publisher: Harm Reduction Journal

Booklet: “Research 101: a Manifesto for Ethical Research in the Downtown Eastside”

          Authors: Louise Boilevinet al.
          Publisher: University of British Columbia Library

Report: Mapping and critical synthesis of current state of the art on community engagement in higher education”

          Authors: Paul Benneworth et al.
          Publisher: Institute for the Development of Education, Trg Nikole Zrinskog 9, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia

Policy Brief: “A European Framework for Community Engagement in Higher Education: Why and How?” 

          Authors: Paul Benneworth et al.
          Publisher: Institute for the Development of Education, Trg Nikole Zrinskog 9, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia

Report: “Truly Civic: Strengthening the connection between universities and their places”

Author: The UPP Foundation Civic University Commission


Report: Maximizing the Capacities of Advanced Education Institutions to Build Social Infrastructure for Canadian Communities

Authors: Coro Strandberg
                      Source: Commissioned by the J.W. McConnell Family Foundation’s RECODE initiative and Simon Fraser University (April, 2017)

Report: UNESCO World Conference on Higher Education, 2009

         This report from Katherine Graham describes UNESCO’s World Conference on Higher Education held in Paris, July 2009, with a focus on Social           Responsibility of Higher Education, and the panel of representatives of the Global Alliance for Community Engaged Research.

Background paper: Collaborative community campus research

          Authors: Martin Taylor, Sarah Marie Wiebe
         Source: Community-Based Research Canada/University of Victoria (2014)
                                Link: Background Paper

Book Chapter: Kamucwkalha: Canadian approaches to community-university research partnerships

         Authors: Leslie Brown, Joanna Ochocka, Sylvie de Grosbois, Budd Hall
        Source: Strengthening community university partnerships: Global perspectives, (2015)
                                Link: Book

Article: Towards a theory of change for community-based research projects

          Authors: Rich Janzen, Joanna Ochocka, Alethea Stobbe
         Source: The Engaged Scholar Journal, 2(2), 44-64, (2016)
                                Link: The Engaged Scholar Journal

Article: Breathing life into theory: Illustrations of community-based research hallmarks, functions, and phases

         Authors: Joanna Ochocka, Rich Janzen
        Source: Gateways: International Journal of Community Research and Engagement, 7, 18-33, (2014)
                               Link: Gateways Journal