When navigating the academic literature, it is important to note that community-based research goes by many different names, including (but not limited to): 

  • Community-Based Participatory Research (e.g., Israel et al., 2003; Minkler & Wallerstein, 2008)
  • Action Research (e.g., Stringer, 2007)
  • Community-Engaged Scholarship (e.g., Kajner, 2005), and
  • Participatory Action Research (e.g., Kemmis & McTaggart, 2005)

Community-based research has been gaining traction globally as a synthesis term for this kind of research, evidenced by the establishment of the UNESCO chair of Community-based Research and Social Responsibility in Higher Education (Janzen et al., 2017).

Report: Maximizing the Capacities of Advanced Education Institutions to Build Social Infrastructure for Canadian Communities

Authors: Coro Strandberg
Source: Commissioned by the J.W. McConnell Family Foundation’s RECODE initiative and Simon Fraser University (April, 2017)
Link: Report


Background paper: Collaborative community campus research

Authors: Martin Taylor, Sarah Marie Wiebe
Source: Community-Based Research Canada/University of Victoria (2014)
Link: Background Paper


Book Chapter: Kamucwkalha: Canadian approaches to community-university research partnerships

Authors: Leslie Brown, Joanna Ochocka, Sylvie de Grosbois, Budd Hall
Source: Strengthening community university partnerships: Global perspectives, (2015)
Link: Book


Article: Towards a theory of change for community-based research projects

Authors: Rich Janzen, Joanna Ochocka, Alethea Stobbe
Source: The Engaged Scholar Journal, 2(2), 44-64, (2016)
Link: The Engaged Scholar Journal


Article: Breathing life into theory: Illustrations of community-based research hallmarks, functions, and phases

Authors: Joanna Ochocka, Rich Janzen
Source: Gateways: International Journal of Community Research and Engagement, 7, 18-33, (2014)
Link: Gateways Journal